Accountability in Syria

Promoting justice and accountability in Syria

As the Syrian war continues with no end in sight and regular allegations of atrocities continue to be made against both the Syrian government and armed opposition groups, the need to establish some form of accountability remains acute. Following the collapse of rule of law in most of Syria, and the failure of the UN Security Council to refer Syria to the International Criminal Court, what hopes remain for justice for Syrian civilians? Is it feasible to pursue justice while the conflict is ongoing?

The Ceasefire Centre for Civilian Rights has been working to evaluate current accountability options and the potential impact on Syrian victims. ‘A Step towards Justice: Current accountability options for Syria’ was published jointly by Ceasefire and our partners the Syria Justice and Accountability Centre and launched before UN delegations in New York at an event hosted by the Norwegian mission to the UN, and at events in Washington DC (hosted by the American Bar Association) and London featuring the Hon Patricia Wald and Sir Geoffrey Nice QC.

In the context of very widespread impunity, a strategic approach to pursuing available accountability options is urgently needed. With pro bono support from Allen & Overy LLP, preparatory work has been undertaken to assess the feasibility of bringing extra-territorial cases, both criminal and civil, concerning gross violations of the rights of civilians in Syria. Depending on the national laws in place, cases may be brought in European, North American or other jurisdictions, including those where Syrian perpetrators may have fled or Syrian victims may have sought refuge.

However, the capacity of Syrian civilians, both in Syria and in exile, to bring such cases is very limited. This project seeks to address this gap as a step on the path of justice, aiming to achieve some limited but vitally important accountability during the conflict. Even if some form of transition occurs in Syria in the near future, its outcome will be uncertain and effective transitional justice processes are years away. Improving the capacity of Syrians to document, prepare and bring cases will also prepare the ground for any larger, more comprehensive justice and reconciliation process in the future.

Key partners on this project are:

  • Allen & Overy LLP has the largest global reach of any major law firm, with a network now spanning 46 offices in 32 countries. The firm’s pro bono and community investment work uses this network to find solutions to some of society’s most pressing issues.
  • The Syria Justice and Accountability Centre (SJAC), based in The Hague and Washington DC, maintains an archive of documentation of violations committed in Syria for the purposes of transitional justice efforts, and is supported multilaterally through the Group of Friends of the Syrian People.

Reports produced on Syria include:

  • A Step towards Justice: Current accountability options for crimes under international law committed in Syria (English/Arabic)
  • Civilian deaths in the anti-ISIS bombing campaigns 2014-2015 (English/Arabic)
SianAccountability in Syria